However, few studies have used this methodology, and those that have, have yielded mixed findings. A literature review can be lengthy and dense, so you will want to make your text appealing to your reader. Just like in an annotated bibliography, you will want to all of the material you present in a literature review. With longer projects such as a dissertation for a Masters degree, and certainly with a PhD, the literature review process will be more extended. Similarly, if there are some studies that you will be referring to more than to others, it would be useful to give them a full report and critique at this stage. This visual aid has become the norm in many journals when the complexity of the analysis warrants testing a model. This material usually belongs in the first one or two paragraphs of your manuscript, an introduction that sets the stage for the rest of your study.
The page header must be a shortened version of your and cannot be more than 50 characters including spacing and punctuation. Gwendolyn Reece, American University Library. Many higher institutes and universities ask students to write literature reviews in the final year. Check a list of sample literature review documents below and learn writing custom literature reviews. You need to critique your own interpretation of material, and to present your rationale, so that your reader can follow your thinking.
This provides them with means of further investigation, meaning that the reader may consider where the discussion will go next. It can also be a check for yourself that you have identified enough relevant differences. This will alleviate any confusion that the reader could have about your paper. Many scholars find keeping literature in an Excel spreadsheet is helpful. This is a comprehensive list of the full references of sources that you have referred to in your writing. Introduces another question of interest and reviews what has been found so far.
Harper 2001 , however, disagreed with Sigree's 1999 assertion. Example 1 Example 2 Literary analysis is a challenging essay to write. Establishes a reason for this chapter and states the purpose. The literature review should clearly demonstrate that the author has a good knowledge of the research area. Decisions need to be made about where to focus your reading, and where you can refer briefly to an area but explain why you will not be going into it in more detail.
Having a lot of literature to report on can feel overwhelming. What are the debatable issues, and are there any subtopics of those key topics? It is often not until you start explaining something in writing that you find where your argument is weak, and you need to collect more evidence. Guides to Writing a Literature Review. Our sample literature review documents contain examples, guidelines, and brief information about literature review writing and research. The reader needs to be able to follow up any source you have referred to. Literature Summarizing the Work in this Field The remaining literature will be found in a literature review, the length of which will depend on the field and the journal. You can review the sample matrixes to see a completed form or download the blank matrix for your own use.
We know that Harper is probably in the minority, and we know what the author's take on Harper is. It helps in topic refining, refocusing, and changing the ongoing discussions. Add a few sentences about the significance of your research and how this will add value to the body of knowledge. It is practiced in almost all fields including arts, computer science, science, history, and social science etc. In other words, briefly describe the purpose and general outlines of the study, including the study design i. Reviewing your review Once you have a first draft of your literature review it is possible for you to assess how well you have achieved your aims.
This will then provide you with a long reference list, and some evaluation of the references it contains. This applies especially to people doing PhDs on a part-time basis, where their research might extend over six or more years. To appreciate the effects of co-witness information on eyewitness reports, we must examine, in detail, the different methodologies that have been used to investigate this topic. The process of conducting and reporting your literature review can help you clarify your own thoughts about your study. An argument is the main claim of your essay. You will have to summarize in a few pages, at most, the theory and the literature that led you to your research questions and the current study.
In this section, relevant cognitive and social theories are discussed in order to 1 explain the occurrence of memory conformity and 2 describe factors that influence memory conformity. Creating a synthesis is, in effect, like building interpretation upon interpretation. An electronic search may throw up a huge number of hits, but there are still likely to be other relevant articles that it has not detected. Even if the literature review will be part of a longer document, these paragraphs can act as bookends to your material. It is also important to see the writing stage as part of the research process, not something that happens after you have finished reading the literature.
Sums up what has been learned from the review of the four current theoretical explanations. It contains a brief note on literature review including definition, elements, strategies, and its types. It can give you a degree of control, in what can feel like an overwhelming and uncontrollable stage of the research process. Other times, the author may have to seek out examples to prove their point. Getting started Reading anything on your research area is a good start. For example, George Orwell in 1984 uses the law and order approach and shows the dangers of dystopia to a social species. Collect and Organize Literature on Your Topic Before starting on the literature review section, you need to gather literature in some systematic way.
It provides a vast knowledge on the subject to the researcher. It may be mainly a case of cutting and pasting material into a different order, with some additional explanation and linking. It can also establish a framework within which to present and analyse the findings. Check out whether there is an important reason why the research has not been done, which would make it sensible for you to choose a different focus. You must seek clarification from your instructor on several other things to establish the desired literature review format.