Silver thus became a symbol of overcoming a purely gold standard with the limited money supply and banker control that resulted in. She only comes to believe it by repeatedly rising to the challenges that her adventures pose. Just as some of Baums metaphors serve as a composite, the Lion and the Wizard represent different aspects of Bryan. Second, the Celestial Kingdom was the only major nation still on the silver standard. Dorothy returns to the now empty farmhouse where the storm she has caused strikes her in the head with a window frame, knocking her out and literally sending her into the unconscious where she can confront her problems and resolve them. This is clearly a world where the sun has turned everything gray due to climate change of some sort, but recently enough that the inhabitants have experienced color: When Aunt Em came there to live she was a young, pretty wife.
Land of Oz - East Wicked Witch of the East - Factory Owner Munchkin People - Factory Workers Emerald City - Washington D. Quentin Taylor, for example, claimed that many of the events and characters of the book resemble the actual political personalities, events and ideas of the 1890s. The farmer who goes forth in the morning and toils all day, begins in the spring and toils all summer, and by the application of brain and muscle to the natural resources of this country creates wealth, is as much a businessman as the man who goes upon the Board of Trade and bets upon the price of grain. These include hard work, modesty, fortitude, and simplicity. The attorney in a country town is as much a businessman as the corporation counsel in a great metropolis. The Witch of the West conjures her minions with a silver whistle and a golden cap, and the Tin Man receives a new ax made of gold and silver, as well as a new oil can that contains both metals.
Politicians are also infamous for failing to keep promises, and the great Oz is no different. With its stirring effects, colorful characters, and memorable music not to mention Judy Garlands dazzling performance , the film has delighted young and old alike for three generations. In Oz, the denizens of the South, the Quadlings, are described as an odd race who never travel to Emerald City and dislike strangers traveling across their land. Oz, Emerald City, and the Wacky Wizard The Land of Oz, with its varied landscape and diverse inhabitants, is a microcosm of America, and Emerald City, its center and seat of government, represents Washington, D. Whether any of these speculations are true or not, none of us know for sure.
. Baum, indeed, never used the color schema consistently; in many books, he alluded to the colors to orient the characters and readers to their location, and then did not refer to it again. Oz: an abbreviation that stands for gold, a hot political topic of the day where people were rallying for fixed gold and silver ratios. Cultural Critique 33 : 213—233. Voices from the Middle, 14. Cowardly Lion: In the late 1800s William Jennings Bryan, a politician, was a supporter of the free silver movement. Was the symbolism consciously or subconsciously employed? Kalidahs — predators in the book probably representing newspaper reporters who overwhelmingly opposed to Byran as their papers were heavily influenced by banking and business interests.
His son discussed the issue in a radio interview on Democracy Now. That interpretation is couched in the Populist terms of the 1890s, when Baum already may have been working out characters and plots in the decade before publishing the first of 14 books in his Oz series. The scene… 1711 Words 7 Pages present in a film, in essence the film in its entirety including nondiegetic images. Baum was not the first to use the metaphor. When I find a man who is not willing to pay his share of the burden of the government which protects him, I find a man who is unworthy to enjoy the blessings of a government like ours. Others blamed the hard times on bankers, the railroads, and various middlemen who seemed to profit at the farmers expense. He is the only one who can bring light and joy into her life.
He later published The Wonderful Wizard of Oz in May 1900. Cyclone as metaphor for political revolution; the Aunt-Em-type farm woman is labelled 'Democratic Party'; Puck 1894 The scholarly interpretation of the The Wizard of Oz began in 1964 with an article in a leading journal by Henry Littlefield which revealed the characters and events of The Wizard of Oz as metaphors for actual historical people and events. The assumption that the United States knew what was best for the natives was satirized in Baums original script of the stage version of Oz, where the Scarecrow remarks, It isnt the people who live in a country who know the most about it. Although Dorothy does not stand for Lease, Baum did give her in the stage version the last name Gale-a further pun on the cyclone metaphor. This inflationary measure would have increased the amount of money in circulation and aided cash-poor and debt-burdened farmers. The Witch had previously controlled the all-powerful silver slippers which were changed to ruby in the 1939 film.
Other times, it can be located very generally, such as somewhere near the top of the Throne Room's great dome. But Gayelette, the powerful Sorceress of the North, enslaved them by making them subject to carrying out the commands of whomsoever wore the Golden Cap of their servitude. In fact, the book ends with the Slippers being lost in the desert, in the transition from the magical world of Oz to the real world of Kansas. Dorothy backs up out of the frame as the orb takes up the entire shot. Yours sincerely, Arun Gandhi, M. On the 4th of March, 1895, a few Democrats, most of them members of Congress, issued an address to the Democrats of the nation asserting that the money question was the paramount issue of the hour; asserting also the right of a majority of the Democratic Party to control the position of the party on this paramount issue; concluding with the request that all believers in free coinage of silver in the Democratic Party should organize and take charge of and control the policy of the Democratic Party. This theme is reinforced just afterwards, when another mentor-figure, this time Glinda, the Good Witch, tells her that with the Ruby Slippers she could have gone home to Kansas any time she wanted to.
We reply to them that changing conditions make new issues; that the principles upon which rest Democracy are as everlasting as the hills; but that they must be applied to new conditions as they arise. In light of the obvious parallels and correspondences in Oz, the disclaimer stands revealed for what it truly is: the preliminary staging of an elaborate jest. Littlefields critics often present Baums quasi-Republican and anti-Populist credentials as proof that he could not have intended to write a Populist parable. She was a one-eyed witch , i. My friend, in this land of the free you need fear no tyrant who will spring up from among the people. Munchkins: The little people, the munchkins, are said to represent the common people or ordinary U.