These are common symptoms of compassion fatigue, but there could be more or less depending on the person. The identification of personal stressors e. According to Joinson 2007 , compassion fatigue is complex feelings that that create an imbalance of professional and human ethics among caregivers. When a nurse to facing fatigue and burnout, this compassionate feeling is replaced with feelings of apathy. Whether it changing units within our hospital or changing disciplines within nursing, these changes provide us with the chance to grow in our profession and gain new skills. A central irony in nursing is that the majority of nurses perceive themselves as giving, caring people but find it hard to nurture themselves.
Jean Watson: Philosophy and science of caring. However, the cost of providing this empathic nursing care can contribute to caregiver compassion fatigue. Promoting resiliency in trauma workers. Career success means work-life balance, study finds. Because it can arise so abruptly, it can be important for therapists and others in the helping professions to protect themselves from this condition. Nursing 22 4 , 116, 118-119, 120.
Human interaction and compassion often take a back seat to getting through the workload. There was an agreement across studies that a lack of support was felt by nurses with compassion fatigue. A central irony in nursing is that the majority of nurses perceive themselves as giving, caring people but find it hard to nurture themselves. Characteristics Differentiating Burnout From Compassion Fatigue Variable Burnout Compassion Fatigue Etiology Reactional: response to work or environmental stressors i. Shortage of staff and a difficult workload were viewed as such causes Maytum et al. While some people seem to naturally be more resilient than others, resilience is a skill that can be learned and cultivated.
Some interventions that could be used to help reduce the incidence of ompassion fatigue include early recognition of signs and symptoms, staying physically fit, staying well rested, develop healthy and supportive relationships outside of the work environment, and implement diversions like journal writing, counseling, or enjoyable recreational activities to help combat compassion fatigue Panos, 2007. Nurses may choose to explore their institution's health and wellness program or continuing-education department for programs and courses on meditation, reflective care, or coping skills. The term compassion fatigue was first used in the context of the study of burnout in nurses nearly two decades ago. Compassion fatigue is a job related stressor often overlooked. These qualities are what makes such alliances so supportive and powerful, but they can also serve to pull us off center if we become over-involved. Such distillation offered the possibility of gaining a richer understanding of compassion fatigue than was available from review of individual qualitative investigation Florczak,. Yet, they frequently have little or no formal supports in place to counter the potentially negative emotional sequelae of their work.
When a nurse is struggling with compassion fatigue, they may start to lose focus while at work. You should have an internal locus of control. While it is not uncommon to hear compassion fatigue referred to as burnout, the conditions are not the same. Resilience is something that can be learned, and enhancing or boosting it can reduce the effects of compassion fatigue as new coping methods are learned. Eventually, she left this position to pursue a less stressful work environment.
Cultivate Healthy Friendships Outside of Work While it is great to have strong relationships with your co-workers, it is equally important to cultivate and maintain healthy relationships outside of work. Her mother had experienced multiple cardiac events and hospitalizations throughout most of her life. Journal of Psychosocial Oncology, 23 4 , 1-14. Cognitive symptoms entail apathy, disorientation, preoccupation with trauma, minimization, rigidity. Anyone who works in the medical field and provides direct patient care is at risk for compassion fatigue.
What does this paper contribute to the wider clinical community? No study was excluded because of appraisal as our aim was to explore compassion fatigue and its dimensions — extracting the common, core features; studies were not excluded based on quality. While many nurses perceive their work as a calling, few anticipate the emotional implications and sequelae that come from their close interpersonal relationships with patients and families ;. Combating Compassion Fatigue Compassion fatigue is a combination of emotional, physical and spiritual depletion related with caring for patients in passionate physical distress and emotional pain. Researchers independently appraised reports with scores ranging from 7—9. Nursing is a caring profession, but it's also a scientific one. Speaking with managers, peers, spiritual advisors, friends, and family can also help alleviate symptoms.
When I was a manager at a large hospital, I received a call from a nurse who told me that a staff member in my department had passed out. This center is supported by a nursing culture that recognizes the ill effects of compassion fatigue and promotes wellness and renewal practices among nurses. Boost Your Resiliency is our ability to bounce back from stress. In everyday life, caregivers play an important role in supporting the health of patients in a challenging environment that offers heart wrenching and emotional related problems. Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing, 14 4 , 399-400.