The methods of investigation, by this approach tend to collect quantitive data, investigating the individual. As far as I can tell his intial research is largely descriptive. However the nomothetic approach does have its limitations. Idiographic Personality Psychology The idiographic approach to personality suggests that we each possess a unique psychological structure. Do you want to 'tarnish all with the same brush' nomothetic or leave 'each to their own' idiographic? However I do not think that the idiographic approach is used to create samples, rather it is to collect qualitive data. Psychologists who adopt this approach are mainly concerned with studying what we share with others.
However the case study of Clive Wearing has also provided further support for this theory. The comment was great and I think the improvements which you have suggested are a good idea. Thank you for the wonderful blog, which compared and contrasted the research methods of nomothetic and idiographic. Thanks for the feed back about the ideographic approach i understand the concept much better now. Another limitation of this approach is that predictions can be made about groups, but not the individual.
The idiographic approach is better suited to description, while idiographic is suited to predictions. Although there were many ethical issues with his experiment including the deception involved and potential harm to the participant, this is an example of nomothetic research. How my partner sees me? As it stands both the nomothetic and idiographic approach, both make valid contributions to research. Due to the extensive us of laboratory studies, the experiments often lack ecological validity, which means we cannot generalise the results to everyday life. Here the subject is seen as an exemplar of a population and their corresponding and. Certain traits, or combinations of traits, might be held by just one person, and therefore it is impossible to compare people like for like.
A nomothetic approach could include gathering statistics, such as the number of women in political office or data on the. On the other hand each patient represents a new challenge for therapy with a configuration of defense mechanisms that is all their own and an illness that derives from unique childhood experiences. You can complete the definition of idiographic given by the English Definition dictionary with other English dictionaries: Wikipedia, Lexilogos, Oxford, Cambridge, Chambers Harrap, Wordreference, Collins Lexibase dictionaries, Merriam Webster. Since I am new to the research field I found your information extremely helpful in understanding the similarities and differences of these methods. What is needed is a way of investigating them idiographically. People and their everyday interactions and experiences make up the micro. How I used to be? Due to this, no general laws are possible.
Suffice to say they both assume that there are a small number of traits that account for the basic structure of all personalities and that individual differences can be measured along these dimensions. The idiographic is much better suited to researching and investigating small numbers of people. Part 1 lays out relevant concepts and methods, including nomothetic and idiographic assessment of meanings, process of building and maintaining the therapeutic relationship, descriptive case formulation and frameworks, and transdiagnostic assessment including implications for those who continue to work with a disorder-specific approach. Conclusion From these examples we can see that the difference between a nomothetic and an idiographic approach is not just a question of what the psychologist wants to discover but also of the methods used. From a nomothetic point of view these are considered to adequately describe the psychologically significant aspects of any personality. You raised some good questions and your argument was balanced, highlighting the poistives and negatives for each and using evidence to support it. The only thing I noticed was that you have written 6 paragraphs on the nomothetic approach and only 2 on the idiographic.
In the past 20 years a growing consensus has begun to emerge about what those traits are. Nomothetic Idiographic Debate , published 2007 This is one of the main philosophical debates in psychology. Hence quantitive methods of investigation are used, to try and produce statistically significant results. Note to students: You will find idiosyncratic and nomethetic theories in many different psychological research areas; these terms are not specific to personality. We might think of them as scientific laws, or general truths that have come from social science research.
From his scientific experiments he found that 65% of his participants would harm another person, via a 450v electric shock potentially killing them, within the presence of an authority figure. Jene Piaget who at first used his children as subjects to base a study on. This initial study on his children allowed him to plan a larger experiment. Which is one of the key criteria of a science. However the relative value of each approach depends upon the purpose of the research. As a result of this focus the individual is more likely to feel valued and unique. The methods of investigation used by the nomothetic approach collects scientific and quantitive data.
How to reference this article: McLeod, S. Sociologists study the relationships between people and society, both at the micro and macro level. In the beginning, I was confused about the application of the two methods; however, reading the replies clarified the issue. Some of the assumptions of have trickled into the common understanding of personality, so much of the research may seem familiar. Freud's Theory of Psychosexual Development is also a nomothetic theory, as Freud sought to discover a common process shared by all humans.
However, solely identifying and describing a personality characteristic is not the same as explaining it, which can be a challenge for idiosyncratic researchers due to the small sample sizes of one 'participant'. How I would like to be? For example in the Milgrim study, can we be sure that all the behaviour displayed was for the same reasons? Idiographic research focuses on the uniqueness of the individual rather than developing theories of behavior than can be generalized to the population. An idiographic method focuses on individual cases or events. That is to say in establishing laws or generalizations. It suggests that everyone is unique and therefore everyone should be studied in an individual way. Nomothetic and idiographic are terms used by philosopher to describe two distinct approaches to knowledge, each one corresponding to a different intellectual tendency, and each one corresponding to a different branch of academe. Nomothetic researchers study traits, which are assumed to have the same psychological effects for everyone; individual differences are accounted for as variations along a commonly shared scale for each measurable trait or quality.