Most outspoken opponents were unhappy about: 1. The fourteenth through the sixteenth centuries in Europe witnessed a deliberate break with feudal modes of living. Thomas More, Isaac Newton, William Harvey and many other English scholars all wrote their works in Latin and, even in the 18th Century, Edward Gibbon wrote his major works in French, and only then translated them into English. Luther published a German translation of the Bible in 1534, which — assisted by the growth of the printing press — helped bring about into , French and other languages. Bartholomew's Day Massacre takes place in England, on which Marlowe based his play The Massacre at Paris. If a woman did not conform to their husband she would be called a shrew.
As mass-produced books became cheaper and more commonly available, literacy mushroomed, and soon works in English became even more popular than books in Latin. Textbooks were cheaper, and therefore more widely available to students from primary school to college. Some of these classical texts survived only amongst Islamic scholars and were brought back to Europe at this time. From its origins in Italy, the Renaissance spread across Europe, the ideas changing and evolving to match local conditions, sometimes linking into existing cultural booms, although still keeping the same core. Some produced works which explained the English Christian beliefs; some represented English thought on life and death and also covered the glorious history of London; and some printed their works on their ideas on humanity and on Utopian society.
Cutting across all of these was the persistence of popular habits of thought and expression. It is also sobering to realize that some of the greatest writers in the language have suffered from the same vagaries of fashion and fate. In this time, the renaissance, women are to be seen and not heard. The era was also far from a golden age for everyone; at the start, it was very much a minority movement of humanists, elites, and artists, although it disseminated wider with printing. Property was the main consideration and individual home ownership, small farms, etc were very rare, for nearly all of the property was in the hands of the aristocracy and the landed gentry. What had been a stagnant, even backsliding kind of society re-invested in the promise of material and spiritual gain. And why are there wiggly-worms in the drinking water? Whereas in one region, architecture might be the most obvious outlet for new creative energies, in other regions literature might take the most prominent position.
European politics changed dramatically there was a rise of kings and princes and merchants became key economic figures. The establishment of large and profitable public theatres was an essential enabling factor in the success of English Renaissance drama. Tudor furniture flourished in the Elizabethan era. Four hundred years have done little to change that unfortunate reality. From one point of view, this sudden renaissance looks radiant, confident, heroic—and belated, but all the more dazzling for its belatedness. In an earlier time Shakespeare would have followed his father's trade, and no doubt there was strong pressure for him to do so in the late part of the sixteenth century; however, other opportunities presented themselves during this time of growth and expansion. In turn, this increased literacy rates, meaning that more people had access to education and new thinking.
Writers such as Petrarch, Shakespeare and John Milton explored literary themes relating to the Renaissance ideal of individuality — a concept that was actually relatively new at the time. Several other dictionaries, as well as grammar, pronunciation and spelling guides, followed during the 17th and 18th Century. A huge number of classical works were being translated into English during the 16th Century, and many new terms were introduced where a satisfactory English equivalent did not exist. The English of William Shakespeare and his contemporaries in the late 16th and early 17th Century, on the other hand, would be accented, but quite understandable, and it has much more in common with our language today than it does with the language of Chaucer. Proper sanitation wouldn't be invented until later… These newfangled ways of seeing physical phenomenal made people rethink how they saw themselves as well. Having a shrew and the ideal woman in the same play shows off the characteristics of each of these woman. The beginning of the English Renaissance is often taken, as a convenience, as 1485, when the Battle of Bosworth Field ended the Wars of the Roses and inaugurated the Tudor Dynasty.
Those who were playwrights pure and simple fared far less well; the biographies of early figures like George Peele and Robert Greene, and later ones like Brome and Philip Massinger, are marked by financial uncertainty, struggle, and poverty. One distinctive feature of the companies was that they included only males. Although this tragedy showed some innovation, yet most of the Senecan qualities such as long speeches, ghosts, gruesome murders and talks and talks were very much there. Intellectual and religious revolution The barely disguised social ferment was accompanied by an revolution, as the synthesis collapsed before the new science, new religion, and new humanism. Tie in to Greek and Roman history. And seeing the multitudes, he went vp into a mountaine: and when he was set, his disciples came vnto him. Indeed, England had already experienced a flourishing of literature over 200 years before the time of Shakespeare when Geoffrey Chaucer was working.
There was no other option at this time for women. The term is most often used when the work represents the wooden structural members that may lie above or beyond it. Walmut Creek: Alta Mira Press, 1996. After about 1610, the new hybrid subgenre of the tragicomedyenjoyed an efflorescence, as did the masque throughout the reigns of the first two Stuart kings, James I and Charles I. Thanks to the sudden increase in printed material, communal reading and the oral tradition gradually gave way to silent, individual reading. And Jhesus, seynge the puple, wente vp in to an hil; and whanne he was set, hise disciplis camen to hym.
Unless you were upper class, women were unable to speak their minds freely and even then men dictated how they did such a thing. But we believe it's literature, above all else, that really helps us understand our worlds. Both wrote of their own views on the way that people are, Francis Bacon wrote to warn of the ways and Elizabeth wrote to try to represent the ways of man. Another central plank of his thinking was that the Bible should be available not just in Latin, spoken by the elite, but democratically available in local languages. With the advent of mass printing, the dialect and spelling of the East Midlands and, more specifically, that of the national capital, London, where most publishing houses were located became the de facto standard and, over time, spelling and grammar gradually became more and more fixed. Luther argued that the Church had too much power and needed to be reformed, and promoted a theology that stressed a more direct relationship between believers and God. Such knowledge was no part of the Pleïade's philosophy.