In what would be later dubbed the 'Cleveland Massacre' in describing how Standard Oil and its leader John D. Her eight-part series on Napoleon was successful for both Tarbell and the magazine. A relentless pursuit of all the facts and fairness in presenting them marked her writing throughout her career. In 1890, Tarbell moved to Paris. Lincoln Steffens, gentleman reporter Lincoln Steffens was one of the original muckrakers, focusing his attention on the widespread corruption of city officials who were bribed by businesspeople.
He worked to abolish the rough and dangerous police-run homeless shelters. By bringing these stories to light, the muckrakers encouraged strong corrective action to be taken by government. Many other writers and publications followed the lead of McClure's, but Steffens's stories went beyond just uncovering examples of misdeeds and tried to understand the reasons behind the abuses. Tarbell attended Allegheny College and then taught briefly before becoming an editor for The Chautauqua Literary and Scientific Circle in 1883. The muckrakers helped the public understand how the mega-fortunes of their era had been gained through ruthless dealings and at the expense of thousands of competitors driven out of business and workers employed at very low wages. He was the publisher for McClure's Magazine, a home for muckrakers to publish their work. The History of the Standard Oil Company is one of the most thorough accounts of the rise of the business monopoly and its corrupt practices.
In the 1930s Sinclair took an even more direct role in politics. Many people believed the evidence against the two men was weak, and that they were really being persecuted for their political beliefs. The house she lived in in Easton became a National Historic Landmark in 1993. Women against Women: American Anti-Suffragism,1880-1920. Standard Oil was broken up, but separately, the various firms generated even more money for Rockefeller than the trust had done. To her shock, a librarian immediately produced the volume. In 1891 she took her savings and went to Paris, where she enrolled in the Sorbonne and supported herself by writing articles for American magazines.
We will not accept donations from sources who, deemed by our board of directors, present a conflict of interest with our work or compromise our independence. Our fiercely independent, unbiased news people in all 50 U. She published some of her articles as books: biographies of , Madame Roland and. Virtually all of the images that display off-site on the Prints and Photographs' website are in the public domain, that is they may be used by anyone without compensating the person who created the material. Want to work with us? Have a question or tip for a story? Riis found a much harsher reality, and documented it with photographs and essays.
She took a job with the Chautauquan, writing about social issues of the day. It's a story I absorbed from a young age from my father's references to relatives who'd helped Mr. Or you can click on a full-sized image and a tab will appear with caption information and a link to the image's full record. He emigrated to the United States in 1901 and became active in the Socialist party, lecturing and writing articles; he published the first full-length biography of Karl Marx in 1910. Topics could be historical, thematic e. She accessed public records, interviews, court transcripts, and mainstream news reports to develop narrative about how Standard Oil consolidated power and grew at the cost of smaller businesses. It also demonstrated her accomplishment of the power of her written word.
Undoubtedly, Tarbell will be remembered for her extremely dangerous journalistic feat. Until the close of her life, she would be known as the foremost biographer of Lincoln. A journalist of extraordinary intelligence, accuracy, and courage, she was also the author of the influential and popular books on Napoleon and Abraham Lincoln, and her hundreds of articles dealt with public figures such as Louis Pateur and Emile Zola, and contemporary issues such as tariff policy and labor. His stories shed light on living conditions that wealthy New Yorkers could not have imagined. In October 1902 Steffens published an article on corruption in St. She was with McClure's Magazine from 1894 to 1896, when she became associate editor of the American Magazine; she remained in that post until 1915. Ida Minerva Tarbell The crusading American journalist Ida Minerva Tarbell 1857-1944 is known as the muckraker who cracked the oil trust.
The attitude that government had no right to interfere with business changed as these writers brought to light the inhumane conditions of women and children working in factories, or the filthy, unsanitary conditions of meatpacking plants in Chicago. Any images available for off-site download are in the public domain. Her family was directly affected by the work of John D. He exposed the fact that water supplies were contaminated, and he campaigned for the city of New York to purchase a large watershed that is used to hold some of the city's today. New York: McClure, Phillips, 1900. Tarbell: Investigative Journalist Par Excellence By Arthur L. .
Then both of Steffens's parents died in short succession. In combination with her gifted approach to writing, Tarbell felt passionate about what she was undertaking. We understand there are stories that matter to all Americans. In 1883 she met Dr. Ida Tarbell: Portrait of a Muckraker. Jacob Riis, Upton Sinclair, Lincoln Steffens, and Ida Tarbell were the best-known of the so-called muckrakers, crusading journalists active from about 1890 to 1910 and in some cases, many years longer who helped to bring about a number of governmental reforms.