I had hoped that the white moderate would understand that law and order exist for the purpose of establishing justice and that when they fail in this purpose they become the dangerously structured dams that block the flow of social progress. . However, he gradually gained a sense of satisfaction from the title after realizing that Jesus was categorized as an extremist. He implicitly warns that blacks will turn to the more violent option if Dr. There are two groups of whites and two groups of blacks in these comments. I had hoped that the white moderate would see this need.
King began a series of nonviolent workshops where they would learn to accept blows without retaliation, and endure the ordeal of jail. These protests were led by Martin Luther King Jr. The purpose of the letter is to try and instill a conscience in these unfair and unlawful people. Yet even without the support of white religious leaders, King believes that the protesters will eventually triumph. His assumption here is that the audience of his letter, and more specifically the clergymen and leaders of the community are religious and will be moved by his reference to concepts in the Bible.
I do not say this as one of those negative critics who can always find something wrong with the church. I commend the Catholic leaders of this state for integrating Spring Hill College several years ago. Alongside the more obvious threats of death, bodily harm, or imprisonment, African Americans suffer from more complex issues like financial uncertainty and a sense of inferiority. The letter reveals King's strength as a rhetorician and his breadth of learning. If I have said anything that understates the truth and indicates my having a patience that allows me to settle for anything less than brotherhood, I beg God to forgive me. This concept appeals to the ethical treatment of humans. This is why he organizes a peaceful direct action parade and protest which helps advance the Civil Rights Movement.
With these notable exceptions, King comments, he is disappointed with the white church. Individuals may see the moral light and voluntarily give up their unjust posture; but, as Reinhold Niebuhr has reminded us, groups tend to be more immoral than individuals. King uses this logical appeal to further validate the credibility of his argument. Violent racist terror against African Americans was so bad in Birmingham in the summer of 1963 that the city was being referred to by some locals as Bombingham. Abused and scorned though we may be, our destiny is tied up with America's destiny. Too long has our beloved Southland been bogged down in a tragic effort to live in monologue rather than dialogue. Two were extremists for immorality, the other, Jesus Christ, was an extremist for love, truth, and goodness.
Sometimes a law is just on its face and unjust in its application. This rhetorical strategy is especially effective here because it affects the emotional aspect of his audience and opens their eyes to what occurs and how it affects others. In those days the church was not merely a thermometer that recorded the ideas and principles of popular opinion; it was a thermostat that transformed the mores of society. A just law is a man made code that squares with the moral law or the law of God. This is certainly a legitimate concern.
His purpose on earth is to carry the gospel Of freedom beyond his hometown, just as the prophets from the Bible carried the gospel to the corners of the Greece-Roman world. What he has found is too much caution, and a desire to separate the church from the needs of the community. Criticism 4: The Negro community should be more patient and wait for society to move gradually toward civil rights. The question is not whether they will be extremists, but what kind of extremists they will be. Of course, there are some notable exceptions. Let us all hope that the dark clouds of racial prejudice will soon pass away and the deep fog of misunderstanding will be lifted from our fear drenched communities, and in some not too distant tomorrow the radiant stars of love and brotherhood will shine over our great nation with all their scintillating beauty. My friends, I must say to you that we have not made a single gain in civil rights without determined legal and nonviolent pressure.
He hopes to meet the clergymen one day as a fellow clergyman and Christian Brother; rather than an integrationist or civil-rights leader. King indicated that he was not an outsider. Let me take note of my other major disappointment. It is true that the police have exercised a degree of discipline in handling the demonstrators. At first I was rather disappointed that fellow clergymen would see my nonviolent efforts as those of an extremist.
King used an approach to resolve issues in nonviolent manners. He knows that comparing the protesters to the early Christians places his critics in the role of the enemies of freedom. We need to protect the rights of all people. Now is the time to make real the promise of democracy and transform our pending national elegy into a creative psalm of brotherhood. Some portions of the letter were written and gradually smuggled out by King's lawyer on scraps of paper including, by some reports, rough jailhouse toilet paper. He then speaks specifically of segregation, describing it as unjust. Every day I meet young people whose disappointment with the church has turned into outright disgust.