Roman Catholicism stands with the Pope as central and appointed by God. He decided to show people how the church was abusing of its power. People began to question the oppression of the Church and see it for the manipulative organization which it was, wanting complete control of the population. We cannot understand the history of Europe, England or America without studying the Reformation. Since religion had so much to do with the government and politics at the time, it affected how governments had to be run because they could no longer pay off the Church to get their way. The Pope was Gods representative on earth and had the divinely given.
The most important occurrence of Leo's pontificate and that of gravest consequence to the Church was the Reformation, which began in 1517. Luther said they were very secular because mostly rich people were able to give indulgences, but that did not mean that the poor people were bad because they had no money for indulgences. Martin Luther although was not the first to believe that there were errors in the churches running and he was not the only one that tried to make his views heard, he was the first to successfully be heard because the printing press was invented making it easier to put his views into the public eye. The problem was that he was already married, but the Catholic Church forbade divorce. In France too, civil war broke out between the Huguenots who were Calvinists, and those who preferred Catholicism followed by the French monarchs.
The Lutheran Church changed the entire culture in Europe. For further treatment of the Reformation, see. In France, Calvinists were called Huguenots. The question we raise only relates to the true and legitimate constitu-tion of the Church, implying communion in sacred rites, which are the signs of profession and especially in doctrine. Humanism was an intellectual movement that sought to study, understand and translate the original sciptural texts so as to recover uncorrupted interpretations. Zwingli, Huldrych Huldrych Zwingli, detail of an oil portrait by Hans Asper, 1531; in the Kunstmuseum Winterthur, Switzerland.
All of the other countries were busy with trying to bring back catholicism to Europe. Eastern Europe offered a seedbed for even more radical varieties of Protestantism, because kings were weak, nobles strong, and cities few, and because religious had long existed. Meanwhile, in France yet another reformation was started by a man named John Calvin who had fled to Geneva because the French Monarchy suppressed Protestants. They amassed huge wealth, and lived in comfort. In 1527, King Henry requested an annulment from Pope Clement, claiming that his marriage with Catherine of Aragon would cause a civil war because a woman would inherit the throne.
Many Protestants fled England during her reign, and many were also executed by Mary. For a short time, Protestant and Catholic had managed to live with one another and with the Peace of in 1555. One reason for the reformation was the wealth of the Catholic Church; the Catholic Church owned and controlled vast amounts of land and wealth. In general, Martin Luther's posting of the at is seen as the start of the Protestant Reformation. King Henry was married and wanted his marriage annulled so he could marry another woman, but the Pope would not grant this annulment; Henry created his own church and appointed himself as the head of his new church so that he could grant himself an annulment. One development is clear: the political authorities increasingly sought to curtail the public role of the church and thereby triggered tension. They often indulged in hunting expeditions and drinking parties and completely neglected their religious duties.
Religious, economic and political factors that had been brewing for centuries set the stage for the Reforma-tion. The Bible, hitherto written in Latin and read only by the clergy, was translated anew into the vernacular tongues of Europe and made a book of the people. Teresa in the purely contemplative life which lies behind them all. This suggested that the rich could buy their way into Heaven while the poor could not - quite the opposite of what the Bible says. The English Reformation occurred for three reasons. And printing was controlled by the church by a system of. Â¨The Reformation did not occur in orthodox Christianity in Russia or what was left of the Byzantine empire in Greece.
But some Germans, mostly peasants but also a few nobles, liked his teachings and agreed with him. The money from these land sales went to pay for the war effort. A religious reformer is someone who feels that a ce … rtain religion has overstepped its bounds or has lost its original message, purpose or goal, and who attempts to bring it back to its original pure state. Priests and Bishops were accused of inappropriate behaviour. William Cook European History 102 September 23, 2013 The Protestant Reformation The protestant reformation was a religious and intellectual disturbance that broke up the Catholic Church in Europe in the 16th century. The Political Impact The Reformation fed a mood of anti-authoritarianism, which led to a backlash against the feudal system of land ownership. Christianity, as it was called after the name was given to the people who followed the Jewish then baptised leader, Jesus Christ.
Wittenburg became a centre of the reformation movement. One of the long-term causes of the Reformation was that many people thought that the Church was not following the Bible. Besides, trade, Germany also had mining and metal industries. Zwingli agreed with Luther in the centrality of the doctrine of justification by faith, but he espoused a different understanding of the. Thus it was a boon to rulers.