Sometimes the psychologists focus their attention upon the group behaviour. Their philosophy may impress us but does not guide us. The enquiry started by the philosophical approach removes confusion about the assumptions. It is an obvious wrong assumption that only the liberal political system is cursed or characterised by power politics. Now we shall first of all try to analyse various aspects of each approach but before that we shall define approach. The big or super-powers are involved in power politics to establish their domination and enhance their image in international society.
Values: The behaviouralists have put heavy emphasis on separation of facts from values. . A Post-Parsimonious Proposition Alix Olson 6. To sum up, the objectives and functions of state are judged in the background of preference, should and ought. In these countries, if we try to find out Western system or institutions that will be an utter failure.
To support or refute an argument or a conclusion one can cite facts recorded in the pages of history. It is believed by many that the application of an approach considerably enhances the importance and credibility of the analysis as well as discipline. All these are declared in various forms such as constitution, laws and general policy decisions. The philosophical tradition of politics gradually yielded to the scientific tradition of politics. After collecting the data, she will determine through statistical analysis if it tends to support or not support her hypothesis.
Behaviouralism in politics has been a product of the empirical tradition. The informal structures are also studied and a comparative study of the governmental systems are encouraged. All of them were great patriots. The approach of the group is so decisive that it is impossible for any branch of government to ignore. Institutions are, therefore, created to meet human requirements.
So while Elaine wants to explore whether candidates that spend more, win more, Nathan explores whether the influence of money in modern campaigns is a threat to the American values of democratic choice and fair, open elections. Leo Strauss was one of the main supporter of the philosophical approach. These approaches believe that since facts and values are closely interlinked, studies in Political Science can never be scientific. This broad group can again be subdivided into philosophical, ideological, institutional and structural approaches. The term good starts to scan the policy, decision and function of authority. The free VitalSource Bookshelf® application allows you to access to your eBooks whenever and wherever you choose. According to post-behavioralism, the political scientists should find out different alternatives and means to solve the social problems.
But on this ground the norms, values, etc. It assumes that the psychological analysis of political leaders reveals significant knowledge about politics. Bentley has further maintained that even the constitution, the congress, the president and the judiciary represent the official interest groups. The authors develop new forms of triangulation that are tailored to these research goals and illustrate how, just as positivist analysis may be used to aid interpretivism, an interpretive understanding of a community may be necessary to develop causal theories of contested events such as school shootings. Naturally, comparison on selective basis will be misleading.
We can say the historians have made the task of the political scientists partially easy. He said that any state or society ought to be or should be ideal or good and he has elaborated the criteria of good or ideal in his The Republic. Traditional approaches made very little attempt to relate theory and research 4. He has depicted the nature of men who lived in the state of nature. The State has various other functions to perform other than enforcement of law and order.
Analysis of group activity reveals that groups generally do not always act without having an idea about the fulfillment of interests. Love and Mark Mattern 2. One can say that the first and foremost approach to the study of Normative approach, that emphasizes upon the premise that there shall be a recognition of good and bad which shall influence the decision of implementing a policy in the nation thus we can say that the emphasizes would be on now good and worse rather than wrong and right. This makes the scope of comparison wide. Some political scientists claim that an adequate and comprehensive political theory must duly take into account of the normative approach to the study of politics. Political theory is considered as the basis and branch of political science which attempts to arrive at generalizations, inferences, or conclusions to be drawn from the data gathered by other specialists, not only in political science, but throughout the whole range of human knowledge and experience.
To put it in other words, groups mould the behaviour, ideas and attitudes. Because he thinks that power only can provide security. It is to be noted here that the events must have political baring or they must be politically significant. The traditional approach as a method of analysing politics is deficient for the analysis of political institutions of the Third World countries, particularly the countries which do not follow the Western political system in to. Empirical Theory Elaine focuses her studies and research on empirical political theory. Political affairs of a society will come to a halt if there are no groups.